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Linguistics is the scientific study of language, which can be theoretical or applied. Someone who engages in this study is called a linguist.
(or general) a number of , such as the study of language structure (grammar) and meaning (semantics). The study of grammar encompasses (formation and ) of words and syntax (the rules that determine the way words combine into phrases and sentences). Also a part of this field are phonology, the study of sound systems and abstract sound units, and phonetics, which is concerned with the actual of speech sounds (phones), sounds, and how they are produced and perceived.
compares languages ( linguistics) and explores their histories, in order to find properties of language and to account for its and origins ( linguistics)
Applied linguistics puts theories into practice in areas such as foreign language teaching, speech therapy, and speech pathology.
Read more in the Wikipedia entry for Linguistics
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